1.- Straight news or hard news: news articles that feature pressing political or business news.
[The news article has a structure of the inverted pyramid. This means that the most important information comes first, and the information becomes less and less important as the article continues toward its end. The headline condenses the news story into just a few words; and the lead typically contains the most important facts in a sentence or two. The remainder of the story is called the body of the article. The five W’s: who, what, when, where, why, and how.]
2.- Soft news: human interest stories.
3.- A human interest story features a person or group of people. It may begin with a current news event and describe in detail the main people involved. Their personalities may be described.
4.- Features do not describe the facts, they describe something in a more timeless and colorful way. There are a journalist's personal interpretations of the story.
5.- Second-day news stories offer interpretation, explanation, and description of a news event of the day before.
6.- Background stories explain the context of a recent or future event.
7.- Analyses of trends taking place over a long period of time.
8.- Entertaining and educational descriptions of lifestyles, people, places, and products.
9.- Features often occur in newspaper sections called Home, Health, Ideas, Travel. A large part of Sunday papers consists of features.
10.- Opinion article, editorials are direct expressions of the opinions of the publishers of a newspaper. It contains the decisive arguments and conclusions.
11.- A columnist is a person who writes regularly for the press; the article usually takes up one vertical column of print and is sometimes accompanied by a small photograph of the writer. Columnists specialize in a certain topic: advice, humor.
12.- Review. The writer gives the opinion of a media or artistic event. Movies, plays, television shows, books, records, restaurants, fashion shows, and art exhibits can be reviewed. The writer first tells about the content of what he saw and then makes a judgment about how good it was.