1.- Different papers have differing political outlooks, but none of the large newspapers is an organ of a political party. Many of them are often in favor or against of this or that party, but none of them would ever use ‘we’ to refer to a certain party.
2.- The main factor for the news publishers is business. Their primary concern is to sell many copies and to attract much advertising. They normally put selling copies ahead of political integrity. There nay be an abrupt turnabout in the stance.
3.- The British press is free from interference of government influence. The press is so powerful and it is sometimes referred to as the fourth estate. The other three are the Commons, the Lords and the monarch. Freedom of speech is a basic constitutional right.
4.- Little stories about the private lives of famous people are very popular in Britain. This emphasis on revealing the details has led to conflict with the right to privacy. Many journalists now appear to spend their time trying to discover the most sensational secrets.
5.- Complaints regarding invasions of privacy are dealt with by the Press Complaints Commission. It follows a Code of Practice which sets limits on the extent to which newspapers should publish details of people’s private lives.
Objectivity in Reporting.
6.- The role of the press is to be objective in reporting the news. A journalist should separate fact from opinion. Today opinions are expressed only on editorial pages.
7.- Is it possible to produce news articles completely objectively?
8.- Front pages of different newspapers look different. The front-page editors choose news stories to print there. Here is the first element of subjectivity: which news stories are important enough to appear on the front page.
9.- The headlines condense the important information of a report into a very few words. The editor interprets the story and wants to emphasize a certain part of it. That is the second element of subjectivity.
10.- The author’s name is given in the byline. The byline also makes authors responsible for the story.
11.- A journalist may have written a biased story. Descriptive adjectives and adverbs are added. But they are not used much by serious journalists.
12.- Also, whom a reporter chooses as a source can affect the kind of information that is included in the final article. Bias can be expressed through the omission or the inclusion of facts or statements.
13.- Sometimes there is no byline. The stories are given by news services. They sell factual news reports to many newspapers in the world.