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Thanksgiving ( p.65-74 ) p.I

Ranez.Ru > Помощь в учебе абитуриентам и студентам > Преподавателю > Людмила Бали >

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The story of America’s Thanksgiving

The story of America’s Thanksgiving begins with the Pilgrims. Early in the 17-th century, the Pilgrims left England in search of religious freedom. In 1608, they sailed to Holland. Then, in 1620, they set sail once again and crossed the Atlantic aboard a leaky ship called the Mayflower.

After sailing for many weeks, the Pilgrims landed at a place now called Massachusetts. They set up a colony at Plymouth, where they planted the seeds they had brought from England. But the seeds didn’t grow well, and there was so little food for the Pilgrims that many of them starved to death.

Luckily for the Pilgrims, some nearby Indians came to rescue. They taught the Pilgrims to grow native food such as corn. The Indians even helped to build houses for the newcomers. Without this help, the Pilgrims would not have survived.

After the first harvest, the governor of Plymouth Colony - William Bradford - suggested that the Pilgrims hold a feast of thanksgiving. He felt that it was a good time to thank God for the Pilgrims’ survival in their new homeland. And to their thanksgiving feast the Pilgrims invited the Indians. The Pilgrims were grateful to the Indians for helping the Colony survive. In addition, they hoped that the celebration would strengthen their friendship with the Indians.

Nobody knows the date of the first Thanksgiving feast, or even if it was called Thanksgiving. But we do know that the Pilgrims and Indians enjoyed a huge feast of deer, goose, duck, oyster, eel, bread, fruit, and corn meal pudding. Everything was cooked over open fires, and the Indians even showed the Pilgrims how to roast corn over the flames to make popcorn!

In 1789 George Washington declared that Thanksgiving would be a national celebration. But later the holiday faded in importance. In 1827, Sarah Hale started a campaign to have Americans observe Thanksgiving once again. Her efforts were finally successful in 1863, when President Lincoln declared that Thanksgiving would be celebrated every year on the third Thursday of November. In 1941, while Franklin Roosevelt was president, Thanksgiving was moved to the fourth Thursday in November.

 

Ex.1. Translate from Russian into English using the text above:

Ñâîáîäà âåðîèñïîâåäàíèÿ; äûðÿâîå ñóäíî; óìåðåòü îò ãîëîäà; èíäåéöû, æèâøèå íåïîäàë¸êó; ïðèõîäèòü íà ïîìîùü; âûæèâàòü; áûòü áëàãîäàðíûì; óêðåïëÿòü; ïèð, ïèðøåñòâî; óñòðèöà; ïðîâîçãëàøàòü; ïîñòåïåííî óòðàòèòü çíà÷åíèå; íà÷àòü êàìïàíèþ.

 

Ex.2.Unscramble the letters to find the missing word in each sentence below. But beware! Each set of scrambled letters contains an extra letter.

1. The Pilgrims left England for Holland because they wanted i g o r s e u i l p freedom.

2. In 1620, the Pilgrims sailed to the New World aboard the a l r a f M w o y e.

3. The Pilgrims landed in t a t a M s s s s u e h t c

4. The e e h s d s they had brought from England didn’t grow well.

5. Many of the Pilgrims v e u d r s a t to death.

6. The a i I n n y s d helped the Pilgrims by teaching them how to grow corn.

7. The Pilgrims were u g m f r t a l e for their help.

8. Without the help of the Indians, the Pilgrims wouldn’t have  u z e s d v r i v .

9. v g o e r a n r o Bradford suggested a Thanksgiving celebration after the Pilgrims’ first harvest.

10. The first Thanksgiving was meant to strengthen the Pilgrims’ i s f f h r p n d e i with the Indians.

11. The e t a p d of the first Thanksgiving feast is not known.

12. At the first Thanksgiving, the Pilgrims enjoyed wild birds and strawberries, squash and u i p p v n m k.

13. Even  n p r o o d c p  was served at the first Thanksgiving.

14. The first Thanksgiving feast  may have lasted for  e i h e t r  days.

15. In 1789, George Washington  d p k r e o m c i l a  Thanksgiving a national holiday.

Ex.3.Answer the questions.

1. The story of  America’s Thanksgiving begins with the Pilgrims, doesn’t it?

2. When did the Pilgrims cross the Atlantic?

3. What was the name of their ship?

4. What kind of ship was it?

5. Was it a long voyage or a short trip?

6. Where did they land after sailing for many weeks?

7. They set up two colonies at Plymouth, didn’t they?

8. Why didn’t the seeds, which they had planted, grow well?

9. Who helped the Pilgrims to survive?

10. How did the natives help them?

11. Who suggested  holding a feast of thanksgiving after the first harvest?

12. Who were the Pilgrims going to thank?

13. Were the Indians invited to the feast?

14. Why were they invited to the thanksgiving feast?

15. Is the date of the first Thanksgiving known?

16. We even don’t know whether it was called Thanksgiving, do we?

17. What kind of meal did the Pilgrims and Indians enjoy?

18. How was the meal cooked?

19. Do you think the meal was tasty?

20. Who declared that Thanksgiving would be a national celebration?

Источник: http://englishaz.narod.ru


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