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VALENTINE’ S DAY ( p.49-55 ) p.I

Ranez.Ru > Помощь в учебе абитуриентам и студентам > Преподавателю > Людмила Бали >

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VALENTINE’ S DAY HISTORY

It’s that time again. Time to buy little valentines with messages like “Be mine” and “You are tops.” It’s time for all the nifty candy to come out.  But most important of all, it’s the time to show those dear to you how much you love them. Isn’t it great that we have an entire holiday devoted to loving one another? Valentine’s Day has dubious origins.  There are three main theories on how it came to be.

Some scholars believe that it came from the Roman festival on February 15 called Lupercalia, performed to ensure protection from the wolves. Another theory is that Valentine’s Day is in honor of two Christian saints named Valentine. One lived in Rome in the AD 200s and married young couples against the law of the then-Emperor Claudis II.

The second, who lived in a city about 60 miles outside Rome, made great friends with the children of the town. He was later imprisoned for not worshipping the right gods. The children missed him so much that they threw loving notes through the bars of his cell window. Both were executed February 14 in Rome. In AD 469, St. Pope Gelasius I named February 14 Valentine’s Day.

The third theory is English in origin. Many believed that birds chose their mates on this day. Whatever the origins, Valentine’s Day has been celebrated in different ways over the years. Originally, the names of all the ladies of the town were put into a hat, and the men would each draw one. That lady would become his Valentine. Most young men would buy presents for their valentines. Sometimes they were very expensive!

In the 1400s, however, this changed, and Valentine’s Day became less about gift giving and - getting and more about declaration of love.

It’s too bad it has begun to shift back, recently, to the gifts, flowers, and candy mentality. Instead of spending much money saying “I love you” with flowers and candies, do it by giving gifts that come from the heart, not necessarily the store.

 

Ex.1. Learn these words and phrases from the text above and use them in your own sentences.

  • nifty - ìîäíûé, ñòèëüíûé
  • bar - ðåøåòêà
  • entire - ïîëíûé, öåëûé
  • cell - êàìåðà
  • dubious - ñîìíèòåëüíûé
  • to execute - êàçíèòü
  • to ensure - îáåñïå÷èâàòü
  • to shift - ñäâèãàòü, èçìåíÿòü
  • in honor of - â ÷åñòü êîãî ëèáî
  • mentality - óìñòâåííûå ñïîñîáíîñòè, óìñòâåííîå ðàçâèòèå

Ex.2. Match the left and right columns.

1. It is great that...

a)... February 14 is Valentine’s Day.

2. This holiday is...

b)... was a great friend of children.

3. Valentine’s Day has...

c)... called Valentine’s Day.

4. There are three...

d)... less about gift giving and getting, and more about declaration of love.

5. Some scholars believe that...

e)... become his valentine.

6. Another theory is that...

f)... executed February 14 in Rome.

7. One lived in Rome and...

g)...we have an entire holiday devoted to loving one another.

8. The second who lived not far from Rome...

h)...dubious origin.

9. When he was imprisoned later for not worshipping the right gods...

i)...has been celebrated in different ways.

10. Both were...

j)...the children missed him so much that they threw loving notes through the bars of his cell window.

11. In AD 469, St. Pope Gelasius I named...

k)...theories how it came to be.

12. The third theory is...

l)... married young couples against the law.

13. Whatever the origins, Valentine’s Day...

m)...put into a hat, and the men would each draw one.

14. Originally, the names of all ladies15 February.

n)...it came from the Roman festival on of the town were..

15. That lady would...

o)... Valentine’s Day is in honor of two Christian saints named Valentine.

16. It is great if your Valentine’s Day is…

p)... English in origin, and says that many believed that birds chose their mates on this day

 

Ex.3.What questions have been asked if the answers are as follows. 

1. Valentine’s Day is celebrated on the 14-th of February.

2. People buy and send valentines with messages of love, buy candies, and chocolates for their sweethearts.

3. The most important of all is to show those dear to you how much you love them.

4. No, we don’t know for sure. This holiday has dubious origins.

5. There are three main theories on how this holiday came to be.

6. Some of the scholars believe that it came from the Roman festival.

7. Another theory says that Valentine’s Day is in honor of 2 Christian saints named Valentine.

8. One of these two lived in Rome and married young couples against the law of the then Emperor Claudis II.

9. The other one made friends with the children of the town where he lived-not far from Rome.

10. They both were executed on the 14 of February in Rome.

11. The third theory of English origin says that on this very day birds choose their mates.

12. Yes, Valentine’s Day has been celebrated in different ways over the years.

Источник: http://englishaz.narod.ru


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